BSOD2600, one of the long term users of Cacti, provides an Installer on Windows. We recommend you use that installer for Cacti. You can obtain that installer under the Windows section of the Cacti forums. However, if you wish to install Cacti yourself, please follow the instructions below.
(Optional) Apache - This software is optional if running Windows Internet Information Server.
Cacti - Install from the zip distribution and install in the web root or your
choice. Many choose to install into a
Cacti sub folder.
Spine - Install from the zip distribution into the
Make sure your
spine.conf.dist is located in that directory as well.
RRDtool - Install from the Cacti website. Install it into the
PHP X - Install into the
c:php folder. If you choose to install into
c:\Program Files\php, you will have to use 8.3 filenames to reference it's
binaries in Cacti.
MySQL 5.x - Install into the default location. This is typically:
c:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server X.XX.
(Optional) Cygwin - Download and execute
setup.exe from the Cygwin website.
setup.exe file for later use. You will need Cygwin and its
development packages for building RRDtool and spine.
(Optional) Net-SNMP - Install to the
c:net-snmp directory. If you choose to
c:\Program Files\net-snmp you will have to use 8.3 filenames to
reference its binaries in Cacti.
The following changes will be required regardless of your selected Webserver.
Add the following directory to the existing Windows System
c:php. The Windows path can be accessed via the Control Panel at:
System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> System Variables.
Add the following directory to a new Windows System environment variable
Add a new Windows System environment variable called
MIBDIRS set it to
Rename the file
php.ini, and make the following
changes to it:
Uncomment the following lines.
extension_dir = c:phpext extension=php_mysql.dll extension=php_snmp.dll extension=php_sockets.dll cgi.force_redirect = 0
In earlier installation guides to PHP, they recommended moving certain DLL's
c:\winnt\system32 directory. If so, you will have to remove those
files. Please review the PHP installation documentation for instructions on
removing those files.
If you want to allow template importing, uncomment the following line:
file_uploads = On
Give the user who will be running the scheduled task, modify rights to the
.index file in the location pointed to by the
MIBDIRS Windows System
Make sure you have stopped any IIS web servers before you proceed with Apache installation, or make sure Apache is configured on an alternate port.
If using Apache 2.x and PHP 5, then add the following lines.
LoadModule php5_module c:\php\php5\apache2.dll AddType application/x-httpd-php .php DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
Start the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager, right click on the Default Web Site (in most cases) and select Properties.
Under the Home Directory tab, select Configuration and click Add. Browse to
the path of
php5isapi.dll, and type in .php as the
extension. Note: if using IIS6, Enable All Verbs and Script Engine.
Under the ISAPI Filters tab, click Add and browse to the
php5isapi.dll file. Name the filter "php" and click OK.
Under the Documents tab, add
index.php to the list.
If using IIS6, goto Web Service Extensions and add a new Web Service
Extension. Name the extension "php", and click Add and browse to the
php5isapi.dll file, enable Set Extension status to
Enable, and click OK.
IIS_WPG users read & execute permissions to the
%windir%\system32\cmd.exe. They will also need read permissions on
cacti_web_root/cacti and it's subfolders.
If using IIS6, give the
IIS_WPG user modify permissions to the folders
Completely stop and start the IIS service using the following commands:
net stop iisadmin net start w3svc
Installing a single instance of Cygwin, and using it for all applications that require it is recommended so you do not have different versions of the Cygwin dlls laying around on your system, which can cause conflicts.
setup-x64.exe you previously download.
Once you reach the portion of setup entitled Select Packages, install the following:
c:\cygwin\bin to your Windows System PATH environment variable.
c:cygwin for future use. This binary
is updated from time to time, so it's recommended that you update it
Extract the MySQL zip file to a temp directory and run
Install MySQL to the default directory, or for the purposes of this manual to
If running an older version of MySQL, start it by running
c:\MySQL\bin\win\mysqladmin.exe. In more recent versions, this is not
Set a password for the root user
shell> cd c:\mysql\bin shell> mysqladmin --user=root password somepassword shell> mysqladmin --user=root --password reload
Create the MySQL database:
shell> mysqladmin --user=root --password create cacti
Import the default Cacti database:
shell> mysql --user=root --password cacti < c:\apache2\htdocs\cacti\cacti.sql
Create a MySQL username and password for Cacti.
shell> mysql --user=root --password mysql
MySQL> GRANT ALL ON cacti.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'somepassword'; MySQL> GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'somepassword'; MySQL> flush privileges;
If you plan to use any hosts with SNMP v2c support, and are using early versions of PHP, you must download and install the Net-SNMP libraries. Net-SNMP provides installers to install their product. However, caution must be taken if you choose to use long file names as Cacti does not see them as long file names. You will have to user 8.3 notation.
Extract the Spine zip file to
c:\cacti and modify the
file to include the following statements.
DB_Host 127.0.0.1 or hostname (not localhost) DB_Database cacti DB_User cactiuser DB_Password cacti DB_Port 3306
All other pre 0.8.6 settings are obsolete.
Spine now comes with a binary distribution. However, we strongly suggest that
you install Cygwin and then remove all the DLL files and
sh.exe from the
cacti_web_root/cacti/include/config.php and specify the MySQL user,
password, database, and database port for your Cacti configuration.
$database_default = "cacti"; $database_hostname = "localhost"; $database_username = "cactiuser"; $database_password = "cacti"; $database_port = "3306";
Point your web browser to:
Log in using the username and password of admin/admin. You will be required to change this password immediately.
From Cacti, go to Settings -> Paths and verify/udate your paths to point to the correct locations. Recommended examples are posted below. If you plan on using Spine, then it is very important that all paths include forward slashes instead of backslashes.
PHP Binary Path:
RRDtool Binary Path:
SNMPGET, SNMPWALK, SNMPBULKWALK, SNMPGETNEXT Paths:
Cacti Logfile Path:
Click on Devices. Delete the Localhost devices as it intended for Linux environments In the upper right corner, click Add. Fill in the following information and then click Add.
You should now be looking at the localhost device screen. Right under it's name, there should be some SNMP information listed, if not you should double check the SNMP settings on the server and firewall settings. In the upper right-hand corner, click on Create Graphs for this Host. On the following screen, select a disk partition and network interface. At the bottom of the page, click on Create.
Log into the user account you'll be using for the scheduled task and verify starting a Cacti polling cycle works. Do this by running the following from the command prompt:
The output should look something like the following:
C:\>php c:inetpubwwwrootcactipoller.php OK u:0.00 s:0.06 r:1.32 OK u:0.00 s:0.06 r:1.32 OK u:0.00 s:0.16 r:2.59 OK u:0.00 s:0.17 r:2.62 10/28/2005 04:57:12 PM - SYSTEM STATS: Time:4.7272 Method:cmd.php Processes:1 Threads:N/A Hosts:1 HostsPerProcess:2 DataSources:4 RRDsProcessed:2
After this has ran once, you should have
You are going to need to schedule a task while logged on as an Administrator.
This task is required to you can run
poller.php every 5 minutes. Make sure
the Task Scheduler service is started and follow the steps below to begin.
*Note: The following instructions are based on Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. You should be able to follow these instructions close enough for Windows 2000 as well.
Select Start -> Settings -> Control Panel and double click on Scheduled Tasks.
Double click on Add Scheduled Task.
Click Next and Browse on the following screen. Find
c:php and select
php.exe. Choose Daily on and click Next.
Click Next again without changing the time or date settings.
When entering a username and password make sure the user has read and write access to the following directories:
Make sure the user has read, write, and execute access to the following directories:
Click Next and Finish to close the wizard.
Right click on the task you just created, and select Properties.
Select the Schedule tab.
Make sure Daily is selected and click the Advanced button.
Check the Repeat checkbox, set it for 5 minutes and set the duration for 24 hours.
In the Run textbox enter the following text making sure to use the appropriate paths.
The start in box should say