Cacti users sometimes complain about NaN's in their graphs. Unfortunately, there are several reasons for this result. The following is a step-by-step procedure recommended for debugging.
Your cacti log file should be located at
<path_cacti>/log/cacti.log. If it is
Paths. Check for this kind of error:
SPINE: Host[...] DS[....] WARNING: SNMP timeout detected [500 ms], ignoring host '........'
For "reasonable" timeouts, this may be related to a snmpbulkwalk issue. To
change this, see
Poller and lower the value for
The Maximum SNMP OIDs Per SNMP Get Request. Start at a value of 2 and increase it again, if the
poller starts working. (1 or less disables snmpbulkwalk) Some agent's don't have
the horsepower to deliver that many OIDs at a time. Therefore, we can reduce the
number for those older/under-powered devices.
For scripts, run them as cactiuser from CLI to check basic functionality. E.g.
for a Perl script named
your-perl-script.pl with parameters "p1 p2" under *nix
this would look like:
su - cactiuser /full/path/to/perl your-perl-script.pl p1 p2 ... (check output)
For SNMP, snmpget the exact OID you're asking for, using same community string
and SNMP version as defined within cacti. For an OID of
community string of
very-secret and version 2 for target host
this would look like
snmpget -c very-secret -v 2c target-host .184.108.40.206.4.something .... (check output)
First make sure that crontab always shows poller.php. This program will either
call cmd.php, the PHP based poller or spine, the fast alternative, written in
C. Define the poller you're using at
Poller. Spine has to be
implemented separately, it does not come with cacti by default.
./log/cacti.log (or rename it to get a fresh start)
Poller Logging Level to DEBUG for one polling
cycle. You may rename this log as well to avoid more stuff added to it with
subsequent polling cycles.
Now, find the host/data source in question. The
Host[<id>] is given
<id> being a specific number for that host. Find this
Devices menu when editing the host: The URL contains a string like
Check, whether the output is as expected. If not, check your script (e.g.
/full/path/to/perl). If OK, proceed to next step
This procedure may be replaced by running the poller manually for the failing
host only. To do so, you need the
<id>, again. If you're using cmd.php, set
the DEBUG logging level as defined above and run
php -q cmd.php <id> <id>
If you're using spine, you may override logging level when calling the poller:
./spine --verbosity=5 <id> <id>
All output is printed to STDOUT in both cases. This procedure allows for repeated tests without waiting for the next polling interval. And there's no need to manually search for the failing host between hundreds of lines of output.
In most cases, this step can be skipped. You may want to return to this step if the next one fails (e.g. no rrdtool update to be found)
From debug log, find the MySQL update statement for that host concerning table
poller_output. On very rare occasions, this will fail. Copy that SQL statement
and paste it to a MySQL session started from CLI. This may as well be done from
some tool like phpMyAdmin. Check the SQL return code.
Down in the same log, you should find some
rrdtool update <filename> --template ...
You should find exactly one update statement for each file.
RRDfiles should be created by the poller. If it does not create them, it will
not fill them either. If it does check your
Poller Cache from Utilities and
search for your target. Does the query show up here?
If RRDfiles were created e.g. with root ownership, a poller running as cactiuser will not be able to update those files
cd /var/www/html/cacti/rra ls -l localhost* -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 463824 May 31 12:40 localhost_load_1min_5.rrd -rw-r--r-- 1 cactiuser cactiuser 155584 Jun 1 17:10 localhost_mem_buffers_3.rrd -rw-r--r-- 1 cactiuser cactiuser 155584 Jun 1 17:10 localhost_mem_swap_4.rrd -rw-r--r-- 1 cactiuser cactiuser 155584 Jun 1 17:10 localhost_proc_7.rrd -rw-r--r-- 1 cactiuser cactiuser 155584 Jun 1 17:10 localhost_users_6.rrd
Run the following command to cure this problem
chown cactiuser:cactiuser *.rrd
You're perhaps wondering about this step, if the former was OK. But due to data sources MINIMUM and MAXIMUM definitions, it is possible, that valid updates for RRDfiles are suppressed, because MINIMUM was not reached or MAXIMUM was exceeded.
Assuming, you've got some valid
rrdtool update in step 3, perform a
rrdtool fetch <RRDfile> AVERAGE
and look at the last 10-20 lines. If you find NaN's there, perform
rrdtool info <RRDfile>
and check the
ds[...].max entries, e.g.
ds[loss].min = 0.0000000000e+00 ds[loss].max = 1.0000000000e+02
In this example, MINIMUM = 0 and MAXIMUM = 100. For a
verify, that e.g. the number returned by the script does not exceed
ds[...].MAX (same holds for MINIMUM, respectively).
If you run into this, not only should you update the data source definition within the Data Template, but also perform a:
rrdtool tune <RRDfile> --maximum <ds-name>:<new ds maximum>
for all existing RRDfiles belonging to that Data Template.
At this step, it is wise to check
heartbeat of the RRDfile as
well. For standard 300 seconds polling intervals (step=300), it is wise to set
minimal_heartbeat to 600 seconds. If a single update is missing and the next
one occurs in less than 600 seconds from the last one, RRDtool will interpolate
the missing update. Thus, gaps are "filled" automatically by interpolation. Be
aware of the fact, that this is no "real" data! Again, this must be done in the
Data Template itself and by using
rrdtool tune for all existing RRDfiles of
Last resort would be to check, that the correct data sources are used. Go to
Graph Management and select your Graph. Enable DEBUG Mode to find the whole
rrdtool graph statement. You should notice the
DEF statements. They specify
the RRDfile and data source to be used. You may check, that all of them are as
Up to current cacti 0.8.6h, table
poller_output may increase beyond reasonable
This is commonly due to php.ini's memory settings of 8MB default. Change this to at least 64 MB.
To check this, run the following SQL from MySQL CLI (or phpMyAdmin or the like)
select count(*) from poller_output;
If the result is huge, you may get rid of those stuff by
truncate table poller_output;
As of current SVN code for upcoming cacti 0.9, I saw measures were taken on both issues (memory size, truncating poller_output).
Most rpm installations will setup the crontab entry now. If you've followed the
installation instructions to the letter (which you should always do ;-) ), you
may now have two poller running. That's not a good thing, though. Most rpm
installations will setup cron in
Now check all your crontab, especially
/etc/crontab and crontab of users root
and cactiuser. Leave only one poller entry for all of them. Personally, I've
/etc/cron.d/cacti to avoid problems when updating RPM's. Most often,
you won't remember this item when updating lots of RPM's, so I felt more secure
to put it here. And I've made some slight modifications, see
shell> vi /etc/cron.d/cacti
*/5 * * * * cactiuser /usr/bin/php -q /var/www/html/cacti/poller.php > /var/local/log/poller.log 2>&1
This will produce a file
/var/local/log/poller.log, which includes some
additional informations from each poller's run, such as RRDtool errors. It
occupies only some few bytes and will be overwritten each time.
If you're using the crontab of user "cactiuser" instead, this will look like
shell> crontab -e -u cactiuser
*/5 * * * * /usr/bin/php -q /var/www/html/cacti/poller.php > /var/local/log/poller.log 2>&1
Pay attention to custom scripts. It is required, that external commands called
from there are in the
$PATH of the cactiuser running the poller. It is
therefor recommended to provide
User "criggie" reported an issue with running smartctl. It was complaining "you
are not root" so a quick
chmod +s on the script fixed that problem.